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Reading Group Guide

Discussion Questions

The Painted Bridge


Just outside London, behind a tall stone wall, lies Lake House --- a private asylum for genteel women. In the winter of 1859, recently married Anna Palmer becomes its newest patient, tricked into leaving her home and incarcerated against her will. With no doubts about her sanity, she is convinced that she will be released as soon as she can tell her side of the story. However, Anna quickly learns that her freedom will not come so easily. The proprietor of Lake House needs patients in order to keep his madhouse in business, and her new husband has much to gain from her absence. But the shabby gloom and odd occupants of the asylum yield some hope: the young visiting physician, a photographer who believes his pictures can reveal the set of a patient’s mind; a longtime patient who seems, to Anna’s surprise, to be as sane as she is; and the proprietor’s bookish daughter who also yearns to leave.

Yet the longer Anna remains at Lake House, the more she realizes that nothing is as it appears. Not the asylum, the patients, her marriage, her family --- not even herself. Locked alone in her room, she begins to experience strange visions and memories that may lead her to the truth about her past and to freedom --- or take her so far into the recesses of her mind that she may never escape.

Topics & Questions for Discussion

1. What is the line between sanity and madness? How do you prove that you’re sane if others say that you are insane? What would you say if you were in Anna Palmer’s position to try to convince your captors that you are compos mentis?

2. “What mattered was that they pulled together, each played their part. That was what marriage was, as far as she could make out.” (MS-pg. 6) This description of Anna’s expectations of marriage is cynical, but a better description of her life with Vincent than she could ever imagine. What really makes a marriage work? Were there warning signs that their marriage would be doomed? Are there any examples of happy or stable marital relationships in THE PAINTED BRIDGE?

3. How does Lucas St. Clair’s theory about photography as a diagnostic tool serve as a metaphor for the treatment of the mentally ill in the Victorian era? Do you think there’s any truth to St. Clair’s original hypothesis? Can photography possibly be a window to the soul?

4. The lack of understanding about mental health in the Victorian era allowed for the subjugation of Anna and her fellow asylum inmates. But what about the women outside of the asylum, like Emmeline and Catherine Abse, Louisa and Maud? In what ways were they oppressed or imprisoned? How did they fight back?

5. “I find it easier to escape Lake House by accepting one’s situation rather than struggling against it,” says Talitha Batt on MS-page 51. Does Talitha’s strategy of acceptance provide comfort for Anna? Does it ultimately work?

6. Even the name Querios Abse sounds sinister, and he proves more out of touch and sadistic as the narrative progresses. Does his character have any redeeming qualities? What did you make of his obsession with his peacocks? Do you think happiness is possible for any member of the Abse family?

7. Is there any chance that Anna is actually insane? Did you ever suspect, in your reading, that her visions of the sea and the lost boy were a manifestation of mental illness? Is Anna a reliable narrator?

8. What does the Fasting Girl represent to Catherine? What does she symbolize as far as the treatment of women in the Victorian era?

9. Did you expect that Anna and Catherine’s escape would be successful? If she hadn’t returned to Lake House, could Anna have made it on her own as an escapee?

10. Anna’s friendship with Talitha Batt and the other women confined to Lake House is a saving grace in an otherwise unbearable situation. Do you have any friendships that have saved you? Were there any other ways that the women could have banded together to fight against the injustice of the Lake House?

11. Makepeace, we learn, is a former patient who became matron of Lake House. Was there ever any hope for her? What coping mechanisms has she used to survive? How would you describe her character?

12. After a variety of inhumane treatments, Anna has a realization that she shares with the magistrates: they may have broken her down, but “nothing short of murder can kill me” (p. 258). Do you agree that what doesn’t kill you makes you stronger? Or that there is an essential piece of you that cannot die until you do?

13. How is the titular painted bridge a metaphor for the events that take place in the novel?

14. How do you think Anna and Lovely will do on their own? Do you think there is a possibility for a romantic future for Anna and Lucas St. Clair?

15. While this is a historical novel do you think the themes and issues Wendy Wallace addresses are relevant today? Discuss.

Enhance Your Book Club

1. Lucas St. Clair believed, at first, that he could diagnose mental disorders simply by looking at photos of a person’s face. He eventually rejects his own theory, however there’s still much to be gained from studying a photographic portrait. Take photos of everyone in your book group. Experiment with focus, perspective, color, and lighting to explore how each image can take on a variety of interpretations, depending on your frame of reference.

2. Anna is neither a needlewoman nor a watercolorist, so finding activities to pass the time at Lake House proves difficult. But she loves to dance, so much so that she dances in the day room to a polka she hears in her head, and her spirits are briefly lifted. Ask each member of your book group to bring her or his favorite song to your next meeting, let go of your inhibitions, and dance your feelings!

3. Wendy Wallace, the author of THE PAINTED BRIDGE, conducted extensive research on the Victorian era in order to accurately depict the time period. Assign a topic to each member of your book club for further exploration and research: How did women dress in the mid-Victorian age? What did they eat? What were their occupations? Their hobbies? Share your findings with your group and discuss how your research affected your reading of THE PAINTED BRIDGE.

The Painted Bridge
by Wendy Wallace

  • Publication Date: July 17, 2012
  • Genres: Historical Fiction
  • Hardcover: 304 pages
  • Publisher: Scribner
  • ISBN-10: 1451660820
  • ISBN-13: 9781451660821