The Emperor of Ocean Park
by Stephen L. Carter
When the brilliant and controversial black judge, Oliver Garland, is found dead in his study, not everyone believes it was a heart attack. Mystery, secrecy, and misfortune seemed to surround the judge during his lifehis daughter was killed in a hit-and-run car accident and his nomination to the Supreme Court was rejected in a scandalous public hearingand now that's he's dead the mysteries only deepen. He has left his son Talcott, professor of law at a prestigious New England university, a set of cryptic instructions regarding his "arrangements." Talcott's sister Mariah is certain that their father was murdered and produces one conspiracy theory after another to prove it; his wife, the beautiful, ambitious Kimmer, is up for her own Appeals Court nomination and wants Judge Garland and all his undying controversy to go away; Jack Ziegler, the menacing underworld figure whose friendship with the Judge cost him a position on the highest court, demands that Talcott deliver the "arrangements" to him. Caught in the middle, in a marriage that is unraveling, a university from which he feels increasingly alienated, and a family history from which it seems he cannot escape, Talcott begins the long and windingand quite dangeroustask of unraveling his father's sins and secrets.
But The Emperor of Ocean Park is more than a thriller, thrilling as it undoubtedly is. Carter very skillfully weaves into his story an incisive critique of American culture, the complex interactions between law, religion, politics, wealth, race, and family in contemporary society. The result is a sprawling, smart, fast-paced novel that probes not just the mystery surrounding a father's death but also the larger puzzle of how to live a meaningful life at this particular moment in our history.
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1. How does The Emperor of Ocean Park differ from more conventional mysteries? In what ways is the narrator, Talcott Garland, unlike his counterparts--men like Philip Marlow, Sam Spade, and their descendants--in the prototypical mystery?
2. How does Carter build and sustain suspense throughout the novel? What are the several mysteries Talcott Garland is trying to solve? What discoveries does he makeabout his father, his wife, his brother, Jack Ziegler, Justice Wainwright, and othersover the course of the novel? What effect do these discoveries have on him?
3. The issue of race appears, in one form or another, throughout The Emperor of Ocean Park. What is Talcott's attitude toward race? In what instances is he subject to racial stereotyping? What observations does he make about the white liberal racism he encounters on campus? What racial hypocrisies does he see in his fellow blacks?
4. At the Judge's funeral, Aunt Alma cryptically tells Tal that he has "the chance to make everything right. You can fix it. . . . But your daddy will let you know what to do when the time comes" [p. 24]. Like Hamlet, Talcott is charged by his father, beyond the grave, to set things right. In what other ways is Talcott a Hamlet-like character? In what ways must he both fulfill and transcend his father's demands?
5. What makes Jack Ziegler such a frightening character? In what ways is he more than merely a villain? In what sense is he, as Talcott says of him, the "author" of the Garland family's misery?
6. His cousin Sally tells Tal: "You think you're so different from Uncle Oliver, but you're just like him. In some good ways, sure, but in some of the worst ways, too. You look down your nose at people you think are your moral inferiors. People like your brother. People like me" [p. 270]. Is she right? In what other ways is Tal like his father? How is he different from him?
7. What role do the chess problems play in the novel? How do they lead Talcott to uncover his father's "arrangements"? How are they related to issues of race and power? In what sense is Talcott himself a pawn?
8. When a man calls his house asking for his wife, Tal thinks: "Odd the way the immediate concerns about a dying marriage can knock worries about torture and murder and mysterious chess pieces right out of the box, but priorities are funny that way" [p. 453]. In what ways is the story of Tal and Kimmer's failing marriage--and the larger story of the complex relations in the Garland family--more important than the murder mystery? How are his marital problems related to the mystery he is trying to solve?
9. The Emperor of Ocean Park describes a social milieu rarely seen in American fiction: the black middle class. What does the novel tell us about the highly successful people who make up this class? How are they different from African Americans more commonly encountered in modern and contemporary fiction?
10. Late in the novel, "a wave of fatalism" sweeps over Tal and he wonders "whether I could have done anything differently, or if, once the Judge died, setting his awful plan in motion, and Jack Ziegler showed up demanding to know the arrangements, everything else was fixed. Whether my marriage, even, was doomed from the day of the funeral" [p. 533]. Is the story fated to end as it does or could Talcott have changed its outcome? What might he have done differently?
11. The Emperor of Ocean Park is not merely a thriller, but also an extended critique of American culture, commenting on issues of family, religion, law, education, race, marriage, wealth, and politics. What do the frequent philosophical digressions add to the novel? What beliefs and values does Talcott Garland try to live by?
12. During a dinner-table argument, Dr. Young asserts that Satan "always attacks us in the same ways. . . . He attacks us with sexual desire and other temptations that distract the body. He attacks us with drink and drugs and other temptations that addle the brain. He attacks us with racial hatred and love of money and other temptations that distort the soul" [p. 346]. How does this perspective illuminate the behavior of the major characters in novel? Who gives in to the temptations that Dr. Young describes in this speech? Who resists them?
13. How do Tal's relationships with his family--with his father, his sister, his brother, his wife, and his son--change over the course of the novel?
14. When Talcott retells the story of how he and his future wife had gotten out of the Burial Ground by crawling through a drainage tunnel, he writes: "Some metaphors need no interpretation" [p. 515]. Is the meaning of this metaphor obvious? How should the escape from the cemetery be interpreted? How is the Burial Ground itself important to the novel's plot?
15. As the Judge's secret life is revealed, Dana Worth, a woman who had always admired Oliver Garland, tells Talcott: "I don't want to say he was evil . . . but he wasn't just deluded, either" [p. 615]. How should the Judge finally be judged? What drove him to do what he did? Are his actions understandable? Forgivable?
16. When he delivers the eulogy at Theo Mountain's funeral, Talcott breaks down weeping. "I suppose people think I was crying over Theo. Maybe I was, a little. But, mainly, I was crying over all the good things that will never be again, and the way the Lord, when you least expect it, forces you to grow up" [p. 620]. What are the "good things" Talcott mourns the loss of here? In what ways has the Lord forced him to "grow up"? How have the events of the novel changed him?
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"This sleek, immensely readable first novel is custom-designed for the kind of commercial success enjoyed by John Grisham's The Firm 11 years ago. . . . With great skill, Carter builds toward a series of climaxes that explode over the final 150 pages. Few readers will refrain from racing excitedly through them. A melodrama with brains and heart to match its killer plot. . . . Irresistible."
"A first-rate legal thriller."
"Fascinating. . . . [A] suspenseful tale of ambition, revenge, and the power of familial obligations. . . . An elegantly nuanced novel, with finely drawn characters, a challenging plot, and perfect pacing."
"A novel of great originality and insight: a saga of an African-American family of affluence and privilege forced to reckon with their misadventures and crimes. But Carter's novel also explores, perhaps for the first time in recent memory, a less familiar vision of the black experience in America: one of pride and optimism, and possibility. I've never read a book quite like it, and I enjoyed it very much indeed."